Posts for category: Skin Conditions
Does your face sometimes appear extremely red and flushing? While a slight blush is certainly nice, if the blush is severe or widespread you may be dealing a common condition known as rosacea. People with rosacea often liken their redness to looking like they are sunburned even though they are not, and the redness often appears across the nose and cheeks but can spread to the forehead, as well.
Along with redness those with rosacea may also experience:
- Stinging or burning
- Hard bumps that look similar to acne
- Visible blood vessels
- Thicker skin (in more advanced cases)
Rosacea is more common in women than men, as well as those over 30 years old. Rosacea is characterized by flare-ups of redness that may go away and then come back when in contact with certain triggers. Common rosacea triggers include:
- Heat or cold
- Spicy foods
- Certain skincare products
- Certain medications
It’s important to note when you experience triggers to figure out what might be causing your flare-ups so you can avoid them whenever possible.
There are no over-the-counter medications designed to treat rosacea, so the only way to get the proper treatment you need to get your symptoms under control is to see a dermatologist. There are certain prescription medications that may be prescribed to lessen your symptoms. These medications include:
- Certain drugs and topical medications that reduce redness
- Oral antibiotics (to kill the bacteria responsible for inflammation)
- Isotretinoin (for severe and unresponsive rosacea cases)
In some cases, your skin doctor may also recommend laser therapy to reduce redness and the appearance of blood vessels. Common laser therapies for rosacea include dermabrasion and intense pulsed light therapy.
Along with medication and laser therapy it’s important to be gentle with your skin and to always wear sunscreen before going outside. Choose a sunscreen that offers full-spectrum protection and has an SPF of at least 30. Even on cloudy or windy days you should apply sunscreen. Also be aware of certain products and makeup that could also be causing flare-ups. There is also makeup on the market that can conceal redness.
If you think that your redness may be the result of rosacea isn’t it time you got answers? Schedule a consultation with our trusted dermatologist today.
According to the American Academy of Dermatology, acne is the most common skin condition affecting adults and teens in the U.S. If you are struggling with acne, help is available. There are several ways to treat acne and a dermatologist can prescribe one or more treatment approaches for you. At Coastal Dermatology and MedSpa, Dr. Sanjiva Goyal is your Jacksonville dermatologist for the treatment of acne.
Cause of Acne
The primary cause of acne is clogged pores. The pores can become clogged when dirt, debris, and sebum get trapped inside. The skin naturally produces sebum, which helps keep the skin moisturized. Normally, sebum also helps clean out the pores. However, if anything interferes with the normal sebum production process, sebum can become trapped and end up clogging the pores instead of cleaning them.
In healthy skin, sebum moves along the hair follicles, collecting dirt and debris as it goes. Sebum will eventually exit through the pores, taking with it any dirt and debris that has been collected along the hair follicles. This process helps keep the pores clean. Unfortunately, when the process is interrupted and the pores are clogged, acne often develops. Fortunately, several effective dermatological treatments are available for clearing up acne and keeping the pores clean.
Several options are available for treating existing acne and preventing the development of new acne. Dr. Goyal, your Jacksonville dermatologist, can recommend the right treatment option(s) for your skin. Some of the treatments available through Coastal Dermatology and MedSpa include:
- Antibiotics — Taken orally or applied topically, antibiotics target bacterial infections inside the pores and reduce inflammation.
- Benzoyl Peroxide — Applied topically to affected areas to unclog pores and clear up existing acne.
- Tretinoin — A Vitamin A derivative that is applied topically to affected areas to unclog pores and clear up existing acne, as well as prevent additional acne from developing.
- Extraction — Method for unblocking the pores by removing whiteheads and blackheads using a small metal instrument.
- Hormonal Treatments — An oral treatment for women whose acne is hormonally induced.
We can help if you are struggling with acne. Schedule an appointment with Dr. Goyal by calling Coastal Dermatology and MedSpa at (904) 727-9123 for the Jacksonville office, or at (904) 567-1050 for the Ponte Vedra Beach office.
Brown spots and skin discoloration are frequent complaints for many people. The most common form of irregular pigmentation is hyperpigmentation, a condition in which patches of skin become darker in color than the normal surrounding skin. Some people have abnormal skin pigmentation from a young age, and for others it is brought on later in life by sun damage or injury to the skin. Individuals of all ages, ethnicities and skin types can be affected, although those with darker skin tones are more prone to develop it.
Hyperpigmentation usually appears as brown spots and dark patches on the face, chest, arms and hands. This darkening occurs when an excess of melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin color, forms deposits in the skin. Sun exposure, acne, genetics and hormonal changes can trigger or worsen irregular pigmentation.
Not all pigmentation problems can be avoided, but you can follow preventive measures to control and reduce dark spots from forming. It is especially important to use adequate sunscreen, manage your acne and discontinue the use of any oral medications that may be contributing to the problem.
How Can I Combat Hyperpigmentation?
The good news is that skin hyperpigmentation isn’t dangerous, and proper treatment can help rejuvenate troubling patches on the skin. There are many treatments at your dermatologist’s disposal, ranging from topical creams and dermabrasion to chemical peels and laser procedures. Your dermatologist will work with you to determine the most suitable treatment for your particular skin type and problem.
Although a frustrating condition, your skin complexion can be improved and corrected. Talk to your dermatologist about the best treatment options for you.
What is Psoriasis?
Have you been experiencing bumpy, white-scale-topped patches of red skin erupting over certain parts of your body? These itchy, sometimes painful plaques could be the result of an undiagnosed case of psoriasis. Although this skin disorder does not have a cure, there are several treatment options that can lead to symptom relief. Read on to learn more about psoriasis and how your local dermatologist can help!
The Background on Psoriasis
While there is no medical consensus on what exactly causes psoriasis, experts generally point towards an abnormality in how T cells operate in a patient’s immune system. T cells are normally used by the body in order to defend against foreign threats, such as viruses or bacteria. However, for those with psoriasis, these cells become overactive and start to treat healthy skin cells as if they were harmful. In turn, this leads the body to behave as if it had a wound to heal, or an infection to fight. As a result, sporadic patches of irritated skin begin to erupt on certain parts of the body.
Both the appearance of these symptoms and the level of their severity can be triggered through a number of factors, including:
- Skin infections
- Skin injuries
- Heavy stress
- Regular tobacco use
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Use of specific medications, such as lithium, beta blockers, antimalarial drugs, and iodides
Although there is no cure for the disorder, your local dermatologist has a number of treatment methods that can slow down the growth of skin cells responsible for psoriasis’ uncomfortable rashes. An appointment with your skin doctor can determine which of these options is right for you:
- Steroid cream
- Coal tar (available in lotions, creams, foams, soaps, and shampoos)
- Ultraviolet therapy
- Retinoid (not recommended for women who are pregnant or plan on becoming pregnant)
- Methotrexate (only for serious cases)
Need Relief? Give Us a Call!
You don’t need to live with the full discomfort of psoriasis; give our office a call today and discover how we can help!
At some point during our lifetime most of us will develop spider veins, those tiny little purple, red or blue web-like lines that are the result of twisted blood vessels. While they can develop anywhere on the body they most often appear on the legs.
What causes spider veins?
The purpose of veins is to deliver blood to the heart. Of course, if something is wrong with the vein blood can pool inside of it, causing a buildup of pressure that can weaken the walls of the vein. This can cause the veins to twist, which results in spider veins.
While anyone can develop spider veins women are far more likely than men to deal with this problem. There are certain risk factors that can make you prone to spider veins. These factors include:
- Being on your feet all day
- Hormonal changes
- Traumatic injuries
- Prior leg surgeries
Are spider veins painful?
Even though spider veins can be unsightly they are usually harmless; however, there are instances where someone with spider veins may experience aching, burning, or leg cramping.
Can you get rid of spider veins?
If you are experiencing discomfort due to spider veins you may want to wear compression stockings, which can apply the ideal amount of pressure to the damaged vein to improve blood flow to the heart. Compression stockings are great if you are looking to improve blood flow while also reducing the aching or cramping you may experience as a result of your spider veins; however, compression stockings will not repair or remove spider veins.
If you want to have your spider veins removed then it’s time to turn to a dermatologist. There are two ways in which a skin doctor can treat your spider veins. The most common method is sclerotherapy, in which a special solution is injected into the vein. The solution will cause the vein to collapse, where the vein will then be reabsorbed by the body and fade over the course of a few weeks. Depending on the severity of your spider veins, you may require more than one sclerotherapy treatment.
Another treatment option is called endovenous laser treatment (ELT), in which a catheter is inserted into the vein. Inside the catheter is a laser that will heat up the vein to seal it. This will seal out blood so that the blood can be rerouted through healthy veins. This is an ideal option for those with smaller veins or those dealing with spider veins that are on the surface of the skin. Again, several treatment sessions may be necessary to see full results.
If you are dealing with unsightly spider veins then it’s time to consult your dermatologist to find out the best treatment options to match your needs.